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and republicans, what would you say? >> i think that russia has to be much more constructive on the subject of joint ballistic missile attacks. up to now, russia has proposed some agreements. e some agreements but there is a widespread impression that this group assessment of threats and whatever is done in joint ballistic missiles has, for russia, lever to put the brakes on an american program. i think it is time to come out with new proposals. maybe you think what vladimir putin proposed on on the joint data center on mitchell -- missile launchers but also move forward whe. vladimir putin and president medvedev proposed that we have to have joint missile defense with the united sates and the european union. how about the russian people living in asia. ? are they entitled to protection or not? many people are going away from that but still, if we are to have ballistic missile defense coverage in asia and america would like to cover their asian allies, there is the question of china. both russia and the united states, not jointly but in bilateral format in parallel should start serious cons
and eliminating them. that is a great problem. keep its tactical nukes only on its territory which actually russia does now. and to have a formal agreement that those nuclear weapons would be kept in storage and not deployed with operational conventional forces. if you want to go further than that and insist that all of them are in centralized storage, you would have to have verification procedures by which russians would be able to come to every american air force and naval base to make sure that in the depots of these bases, there are no cruise missiles or for any other weapon. in charleston, according to available data, about 100 nuclear warheads or cruise missiles. it would be prohibited and russia should have the right to come to every base and to say that as strategic. if it is tactical, you would have to get rid of it. that might be possible but it would be extremely difficult. >> let us take two questions. >> thank you very much. i have a question on ratification. those of us who have been through other treaties no complicated and politicized ratification debates can they hear in the unite
argument in favor of the new treaty in russia is the american reductions. nothing prevents russia from reducing uses -- producing new systems, and i show will be under the ceiling anyway because of the withdrawal of old system and very small numbers of deployment of the new ones. but in 10 years, according to the russian side of the plan, russia will almost fully modernize its plan under start, at least by 70%. that is the official number. including, and i would draw your attention to that, the plan developers and in deployment of a new heavy missile. and then if the united states insist on a new treaty, on going further with reductions, and russia at the provisions will be much bigger than now, because then it will affect newly deployed, very expensive systems, rather than a ceiling on the empty places, since russia is now withdrawing too easily to fill the new start treaty. in order to conduct nuclear disarmament and go with further arms reductions, it would be very important to persuade russian politically and strategic communities, and three principal ideas. the first is that nucle
of the soviet union then russia and the united states. and in many countries missiles and bombers and submarines but from this point* is less impressive because it 10 years duration time it is a reduction of four has will be a few hundred at best and even that was a new quite formal accounting rules. the main significance of the new treaty is not in its physical reduction. the main significance is restoration of the hormones dialogue of a strategic relationship between the two leading nuclear superpowers? after a long break, it is kept in mind we have not had a new strategic arms control treaty for 20 years since 1991. we never had a treaty that was signed supplemented or magnified and into force. we had that chain of unsuccessful sort which i mentioned but never had a formal binding treaty. here is the significance. basically we have a slightly different ceilings for the delivery of vehicles and agreed accounting rules and procedures. this is not surprising because the expiration puts it very tight schedule. and less than one year of actually having negotiations , basically in the preceding yea
, the west might look at it in a much less hostile way rather than one russia says this is our area of national interest which is often seen as neo-imperial attempts to dominate. russia does not want nato to take over post-soviet space under whatever pretext and deprive russia of its legitimate interests toward russia as nec minorities and economic investment and everything russia has with respect to that space. there is concern that some conflict in the caucuses, which still remains quite likely, may bring russia and the wet sand and to direct confrontation -- and the west into direct confrontation. if nato comes right to the russian border from the west and from the south, that is why russia says that. in the new military doctrine, it is formulated in a very cautious way, just like the formulation on nuclear-weapons. it is worth mentioning here because in some short time, russia will come with its nuclear posture review. russians waited and waited for this to come with their own military doctrine. then they decided not to wait any longer but then as military doctrine was effective
was a turning point with the u.s. and russia. they had two different narratives of what was happening in the balkans. the clinton had been attrition fought primarily in terms of the aggression, serbian atrocities. the russians were thinking about a civil war and felt both parties were probably at fault and clearly did not want to allow the united states and nato to use military force unilaterally against serbia which was a traditional russian client. why was it wrong in your view for the clinton administration to move against what was pursued at the time as serbian aggression and serbian atrocities against the muslims? >> guest: i speak for the very reason you indicated, that the way that it was done was as we say counterproductive in the long run because if we had cooperated closely with russia to control the serbs, and we would have been able to do that if we had not start expanding nato to the east to their disadvantage. then i think we could have gotten more cooperation to keep molosovich, the serbian leader under control or if not we could have gotten a vote in the security counc
're watching gmt on bbc "world news" with me me, george, on the day russia and america sign a new arms reduction treaty. let's go to prague and thereon some of the questions the leaders are taking. >> the united states and russia are prepared once again to take leadership in the direction of reducing relines on nuclear weapons and preventing the spread of nuclear weapons as well as the spread of nuclear materials. that we will have built the kind of trust not only between presidents but also between governments and peoples that allows us to move forward in a constructive way. i've repeatedly said that we will not do anything that endangers or limits my ability as commander in chief to protect the american people. and we they missile defense can be an important component of that. but we also want to make clear that the approach we've taken is in no way intended to change the strategic balance between the united states and rush ape and i'm actually confident moving forward as we have these discussions that it will be part of a broader set of examples on how we can take tactical nuclear w
relationship and the situation of nuclear weapons as russia sees it. it is my pleasure this morning to introduce george perkovich 0 is the director and vice president of studies who focuses on our studies in washington on a clear agenda. he will introduce to you alexei arbatov who is a recognized expert, political leader, and longtime student of the strategic relationship between russia and the united states. without further ado, george, i will turn it over to you. >> thank you. the start treaty will be signed next week. there are other things that we will ask alexei to talk about an contextualize for us in response to your questions. just as the united states, i believe, next tuesday, the obama administration will preview its nuclear posture, the administration's review of the united states' nuclear policy, russia in february announced its new military doctrine. it will be very useful for alexei to describe that and discuss that with us. also, as today's papers recount, there is movement in the security council, ongoing movement to try to deal with the run violation of security cou
in mourning since the plane crash in western russia. 95 other senior polish figures died a week ago. the accident came as the president was traveling to a ceremony to mark the top 70 of anniversary -- the 70th anniversary of a massacre in 1940. what effect does it have now on one of the most important and sensitive relationships in europe? my colleague reports. >> the clash looked to have stunned poland, like the repetition of another tragedy. it killed not just the president, but much of the military top brass. it took place in russia where thousands of polish officers were murdered by the kremlin during the second world war. nothing, you might think, could do more to reignite tensions in that traditionally hostile relationship. yet, vladimir putin gave remarks that showed remarkably this tragedy is bringing it the old enemies together. pigeon has acknowledged russia's -- putin has acknowledged russia's role in the 1940 massacre, although traditionally russia has tried to blame the nazis. as russia joins poland in morning president kaczynski, some might think a new era is beginning
national cable satellite corp. 2010] >> next, a forum on u.s. relations with russia. and then a discussion on efforts to modernize the defense department. and after that, who looked at whistleblowers -- a look at whistleblowers' relation with the media. a discussion on conservatism and what sparks the new capitalism and a look at what free-market systems must do to survive in today's global economy. that is here on c-span. >> i know what the challenges, but we need is policymakers in washington developing the road map so that we can get it done. >> something about energy policy that you would like to talk about on your blog? you can search it, watch it, put it, and share it. from yester day or 10 years ago, every singles -- every c-span program since 1987. cable's latest gift. >> now what discussion on relationship between the u.s. and russia. there is a been a recently announced nuclear weapons treaty between the two countries. from the carnegie endowment for peace, this is about one hour and 25 minutes. >> central to the reset, is the strategic arms relationship and nuclear proliferation
with russia to bring that about give me encouragement. also, in other areas, it seemed to me that the obama administration was taking a turn that was much more in accord with our interest than what the previous administrations had. for example, in the middle east, where i think it is very clear that israel will not be able to achieve security and less they stop the settlements, and begin real negotiations. and clearly, that has been an issue also that the obama administration has taken on. >> host: you were a democrat but almost prominent on other two republican presidents, ronald reagan and george bush. it's also very clear from your book that you really admire ronald reagan. >> guest: absolutely. >> host: how did it happen you begin his foreign policy assistant advisor on all matters russian? the reason i'm asking is that you were career foreign service officer. you were known as a pragmatist you are registered democrat, and ronald reagan was, well, he was an ideologue. the ultimate cold war or. why did you turn to you to have this important position? >> guest: first of all my being a reg
. it is significant for the u.s.- russia relationships and also president obama's ambitious goals for nuclear security and for the reductions in nuclear weapons. i do not want to oversell it. if we did not have this first step, both of those agendas would be severely hampered. it was important this agreement be reached before the nuclear non-proliferation treaty in may . my colleagues will talk more about that. a month ago, -- the agreement is important for political capital, domestically and internationally. when he was first elected, my sense was he had a chance to be one of the greatest presidents or an unsuccessful one-term president. it was looking more like the former than the latter. with health-care passing and the start i tree, he is looking more successful. it is important for him abroad and how he is viewed by international leaders. for the relationship, for the reset, there have been three key issues that have been driving the desire to improve relations with moscow. the first is bent iran and the dirt -- the first has been iran and their nuclear program. this section has been afghanistan
. they really do have different, you know, outlooks on the development of russia. they talk about it very, very differently. medvedev, you know, the fact that medvedev is a lot younger. that he does have experience in the private sector. he does have what we would call the more liberal outlook on things than does mr. putin. @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ hrbrbárbps) i think in the case of russia where is the issue of sovereignty so sensitive and that has to be handled with the utmost care. >> i was just wondering if you could talk about the role of congress and particularly on the start treaty ratification but in general how much they can be an obstacle to what the white house is doing with iran sanctions and some lovely and other issues on the agenda plaques. >> has a great question, thank you. congress can obviously be a big obstacle when it comes to nuclear arms control and that is because to the start treaty this seven has to consent to ratification on the comprehensive test ban treaty which is something this administration supports, they can also be an obstacle there. i think that's if we haven't yet
but unwanted, even returned. russia demands a new treaty after an american family send back a child alone. >> welcome. it was already considered a disaster. now the oil spill in the gulf of mexico may be spewing five times more oil than previously thought. the u.s. coast guard estimates 5,000 barrels a day as seeping from the rig which exploded last week leaving 11 people missing, presumed dead. it means 10-12 million gallons of oil could have poured out within two months. with signs of a weather change, any slick could be pushed towards the mississippi coast, just 30 kilometers away. more than a week after disaster has struck. the mouth of the oil well is five,000 feet below the surface. under water robots that have never been tested for work at such a depth have failed to stop the leak. jo this is very serious. this was the rig last week. the slick is now 45 miles long and 100 miles wide. it's a massive pollution the size of jamaica. the plan now is to seal off parts of the slick and trap the oil and set it alight. it's been tried before. no one knows how well it will work. this is a no
not have much of a trading partnership with them. it affected particularly russia and china. the talks have focused on an olive branch offering in the fall to get back to the negotiating table. these were engaged in another effort of getting another round of u.n. security resolutions. a not so bad outcome would be if they just abstained. and how much will russia support a new round of sanctions? there are a lot of things that can be done outside the u.n. security careful. a lot of those measures that deal with transactions at banks, etc. have been helpful, but iran and shows no sign of either negotiating to the earth -- returning to the of negotiating table or halting is the enrichment program. off the chinese have shown a little bit more flexibility. up to now, they have taken eighth principled stand against sanctions, but we will have to see. if the security summit next week really does offer an opportunity to talk on the margins. this is what happens at major summits. i think the hope is had in prague we can bring russia and then china along. >> i do not think that we will see the sancti
and that the u.s. and russia together will convince china and other countries to go along? >> it is a long way from truly meaningful sanctions. even our administration is talking about smart sanctions. the idea is that we will have sanctions that do not hurt the iranian economy. why would the iranian government give up something so important as their development of nuclear weapons in order to escape sanctions so slight and so narrowly targeted and so inconsequential that they do not hurt the national economy? there are a few occasions where you can get a minor change in the nation's behavior by denying their leadership the chance to get a tourist visas and visit disney world. i do not think he wants to visit disney world or give up his nuclear program for a few concessions or avoiding sanctions that only affected the personal lives of the leadership group. we will have to do far more than what is being talked about in dzwashington, let alone moscow. >> what about sanctions that might be imposed by the u.s., but not by a wider spectrum of nations? >> first, we can go too harsh extra-territorial
of the region. in other words, despite attempts to upgrade relations with russia primarily through the s.t.a.r.t. treaty, the u.s. will not, according to the obama administration, let me make by points here -- weaken its commitment to nato, with from military from europe, agree to any revision of the continent's into blocks or spears and influence, four, close the door to further nato enlargements, and five, make any grand bargains with moscow over the heads of former soviet satellites in central eastern europe. . >> what commitments are made to mutual defense and the nato role of the coming decade. is it a global nato? is it back to basics or how can they be combined? there are different views on how this should be structured the concourse of the new missile defense system. i remember president obama canceled the bush version but has talked about his own version to which several countries have already quickly signed on to. the question there is exactly how this will be an integrated nato system, how russia will be included and if there will be included. it is worth remembering in this c
in poland, but also a day of mourning in russia, underlying how relations between the countries have suddenly improved. >> president obama chose the biggest summit yet on how to secure nuclear facilities around the world. the first week of the ruling labor party in britain, they launched their manifesto. india and pakistan might be political rivals, but they do have a way towards unity. hello, welcome to "gmt." you can barely see the pavement outside of the presidential palace in warsaw. covered in tributes, the military, business, and arts are represented in those dead perished. let's go to my colleague, nick, in warsaw. >> welcome to the presidential palace. here is much of what you've been talking about. today is a day of mourning, there is a queue but it is for a book of remembrances. let me give you a sense of what many are talking about here. a community in trauma. 60 pages covering this disaster on saturday, including a 20 page pullout including obituaries. let's get this update from duncan kennedy. >> the presidential palace in warsaw remains the focal point of national griev
disaster. the u.s. and russia sign a major arms treaty. much of the talk is about another country. live from our studio in washington, this is "special report." good evening, i'm chris wallace in for bret baier. diplomat from qatar is a free man tonight after allegedly inciting a major security incident aboard an airliner bound for denver. national correspondent catherine herridge is here with a story that has been developing all day. good evening. >> reporter: thank you, chris. sources tell fox news they believe the young diplomat who sparked a major security alert last night was on his way to visit a convicted al-qaeda agent doing time in colorado. this is consistent with the statement from the qatar embassy in washington, that the diplomat was on official business, the kind of business embassies arrange for their citizens jailed in foreign countries. the convicted al-qaeda member is amari, a citizen of qatar who pleaded guilty to providi providing material to terrorist organization. he is serving eight-year prison term. the diplomat from qatar is madadi. this is from a washington soc
states and russia. he talked about securing and safeguarding all vulnerable nuclear-weapons usable materials within four years and he also said while the u.s. is pursuing these steps with other countries, this has to be a corporate to global effort, and the u.s. will also work to reduce the role and number of nuclear weapons in its own national security policy. that is where i think the nuclear posture review fits in. it specifically in prague, president obama said it would put an end to cold war thinking and reduce the role of nuclear- weapons in u.s. national security policy. does it do that? first of all, i think it is important to try to get a sense of what the president meant by cold war thinking. i think when a lot of people think about the cold war they think about the standoff between the united states and the soviet union. thousands of nuclear weapons. paradoxically, u.s. and soviet union each thinking they had to build more nuclear weapons to safeguard their national security. all of these weapons on very high alert status, that could be launched within minutes of a decis
that took place in moscow on the metro, is a reminder that russia is probably, if you look at the u.s., europe, and russia, prussia is probably the most vulnerable of those three countries to terrorist attack. and to the possibility of catastrophic terrorist attack. who ever carried out these bombings was a very powerful statement to undertake them close to the former kgb building and the institution which has primary responsibility for the protection of the russian people. it is a bit analogous to the symbolic import of taking out the world trade center, the pentagon and the aspiration of the capital. how it is going to play out, it is hard to predict. on the domestic political front, over the past decade, there is no question that terrorist attacks have played to the favor of mr. putin and as a justification for further centralization of political power. we have seen in response to this attack a considerable difference between the russians. putin has resorted to his playbook of pull them all out of the sioux were -- sewer and that sort of tough talk. what we have seen from the pr
claim on his website. with the latest here's richard from moscow. >> across russia a series or funeral it's for those who died in the metro bombings. many of those killed were students, cut down in the prime of life. and knows mourning here now know there may be more attacks coming. that's because this man, daku, leader of the islammist militant group announced he ordered the bombings and that there would be more on the streets head second of for the recent killings of civilians in the caucuses by the russian security no, sirs. the shock caused by this attack so much great err than people here had been told the main rebellian have been pushed. so the russian government now trying to reassure the public to prevent panic. >> the goal of the terrorist is to destabilize our country and throw fear among the planet and population. we will not permit that. and the aim for everything we do with to consolidate this demonstration. >> but there's a look at how much damage they can cause in different parts of the country. this, the opt may of a can you believe ea 1 were getting away. the whole nat
. it is a lot harder with russia and china, particularly china. the effort right now, since iran has really refused to comply with u.n. security council resolutions, and even the olive branch offerings in the fall to get back to the negotiating table, we are engaged in an effort to get another round of resolutions. the issue is will china at best support or a not so bad outcome would be if they abstained and how much will russia support a new round of sanctions? there are a lot of things that could be done outside the u.n. security council and a lot of those measures that deal with transactions at banks have been helpful but if they show no sign of either returning to the negotiation table or halting their enrichment program. i think we are in a slightly better position. the chinese have shown a bit more flexibility. until now, they have taken a principled stand against sanctions but we will have to see. this security summit next week offers an opportunity to talk on the margins which is what happens at major summits. the hope is there as well as this meeting in prague that we can bring fir
our russia program. >> a great pleasure to be here and thank you for joining us here for our briefing. i promise i will not talk about my personal over/under on tiger woods this week. the start i replacement treaty that will be signed on prague this thursday, i want to beware of overselling the importance of this agreement. but is really significant for the u.s.-russian relationship, and also president obama is an ambitious goal for nuclear security and further reductions in nuclear weapons. i do not want to oversell it, but if you did not have this for step, then both of those agendas would be severely hampered. it was extremely important that this agreement be reached before the nuclear non-proliferation treaty in may, as well as the nuclear summit coming up in washington next week, which i am sure my colleagues here will talk more about. about a month ago -- this is also important for obama's political capital, domestically and internationally. i knew that he had a chance to be one of the greatest presidents in american history because of the circumstances or an unsuccessful one-te
with the russians is try to regain some leverage in the u.s./russia/china relationship. and i think it is worth -- i'll leave you with this thought in my opening remarks. while i think it's appropriate to have modest expectations about -- about the reset with the russians, when i look at the three key security issues driving the relationship, iran, afghanistan, and nuclear security, i would conclude that probably moscow's position on all three of those sets of issues are closer to us than are beijing. and maybe that's something to think about. thanks. >> with that i would like to introduce my colleague, sharon squassoni. sharon is the fellow for our proliferation council and this is her first briefing at csis. >> thanks, andrew. i guess i'm the functional specialist here. i'm going to talk a little bit about the nuclear security summit that will take place in washington next monday. andrew mentioned the sort of three pronged agenda that president obama laid out last april in prague. there's nuclear arms control and disarmament, nonproliferation. and nuclear security. this april summit next week take
qaeda. georges sits down with an exclusive interviewry russia's president. >>> a daring rescue caught on tape. a swimmer dives into dangerous waters to rescue a woman swept away by the current. >>> and what a weekend for golf. phil mickelson wins the masters and celebrates with a long emotional hug with his wife amy who is battling breast cancer. what a moment. >>> good morning from russia, where the bells are tolling the hour here. you know, we traveled more than 4,000 miles to interview russia's president dmitri m medved les to interview medvedev. but who could have guessed there would be so much breaking news. first, the tragic plane crash that took the life of the polish president. and moat of his top officials this weekend. and then that bizarre story of the 7-year-old boy sent back to russia here, by a single mom who adopted him. she said she couldn't handle him anymore. it's got a lot of people scratching their heads back in the united states. and, robin, it's created outrage here in russia. >> i can only imagine, george. here as well, there was so much attention with the retu
weapons, he heads to the czech capital to sign the treaty with russia. to reduce from 2200 warheads to 1550 weapons. earlier in the week the administration a 50-paged mandated report outlining the president's nuclear policy goals, key elements of which include changing how the united states uses its nuclear weapons like no longer targeting non-nuclear states that abide by the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, maintain a smaller arsenal by increasing investment in the weapons infrastructure and preventing terrorism while strengthening regional deterrence and reassuring allies. 40 nations will be hosted at a summit here in washington to figure out better ways to control proliferation. here to talk about the nuclear posture review and more is brad roberts, assistant secretary of defense for missile and defense policy. welcome to the show. >> thank you. >> congratulations on the treaty. so what is the next step. >> the senate has to express advice and consent to the treaty. that is a process that takes a few months. we're hopeful the treaty will enter into force early next year. >> ho
his espousal of that early on and the negotiation with russia to give me encouragement. also in other areas it seemed to me that the obama administration was taking a turn that was much more in accord with our interest than with the previous at minister since had. for example, in the middle east where i think it is a very clear that israel will not be able to achieve security unless they stop the settlements and began a real negotiations and clearly that has been an issue you also that the obama administration has taken on. >> host: the word registered democrat but almost prominent foreign policy positions under two republican presidents, ronald reagan and george bush. it's also very clear from your book that you admire ronald reagan. >> guest: absolutely. >> host: how did it happen that you became his foreign policy assistant adviser on all matters russian? the reason i'm asking is you were a career foreign service officer. you were known as a pragmatist. you were registered democrat. and then ronald reagan, welcome here was an ideologue, the ultimate cold warrior. why did he turn to
. there was no mistaking the warmth between these two men. president obama had promised to reset the relations with russia. that has clearly happened. >> i want to thank my friend and partner, prez's medvedev us. >> the american president says that this sent a nuclear signal. >> this demonstrates the determination of the united states and russia, the two nations that hold over 90% of the nuclear weapons, to pursue depaul university leadership. >> this was a historic moment. >> the most important thing is that there are no winners or losers. it is clear what has happened. both sides have won. >> the message from here to iran which is expected of seeking weapons, sanctions might be on the way. >> my expectation is that we will be able to secure a strong and tough sanctions on iran this spring. >> on one level, to day changes very level -- little. america and russia will still be able to wipe each other out several times over. it does help president obama's ambitions for a nuclear-free world. it might discourage others from joining. >> the pakistani assembly has passed a reform transferring important powers
treaty. he'll have a joint press conference between himself and also the president of russia. john ridley is with us in burbank, california, which, of course, when you think arms reduction talks, you of course go back to the great arms reduction talks that took place right here in this room between reagan and gorbachev. i mean, this is -- so -- >> i was a kid at the time, but you never forget those things, because -- >> beautiful downtown burbank. no, serious. why does it feel like 1988? you say in your room over your bed you have an actual dooms day clock. >> dooms day clock. >> it's been at 11:59 since shares come back. do you move it back a couple of minutes? >> no. i like to keep it where it is so i won't like to be late for dooms day. >> mike barnicle is in new york city. perhaps you can raise the bar here and tell us why america should wake up and care about what's going on today. >> well, i think we should care about what's going on today because anything that reduces the level of international tension or the threat of rogue nuclear weapons in the hands of whomever is a good day fo
. >>> much more on today's plane crash in russia, but first, headlines for you. first off, eight people have been killed in thailand and another round of violence between protesters and security forces there. the victims including a japanese photographer who was working for the reuters news agency. a week-long search at a west virginia coal mine ended in tragedy and sorrow. four missing miners have been found dead, bringing the overall death toll in this week's explosion to 29. president obama is promising a thorough investigation and accountability there. >>> and republican national chairman michael steele gets a vote of confidence despite speculation his job may be in jeopardy, a letter supporting steele has been signed by a majority of state party chair men. steele is speaking today at the leadership conference. we'll be monitoring his remarks. >>> now back to today's top story for you, investigation is under way into a plane crash in western russia that killed the president of poland and numerous other polish officials. there is no indication terrorism was involved. the plane crashed in
crashed in western russia, killing the president along with his wife and everyone on board. the plane flying in warsaw went down in heavy fog while on approach to smolensk airport. there is speculation of how many are on board, but in addition to the polish president are the army chief of staff and the president of poland national ba bank. nbc joins us from smolensk with the very latest. can you update us, please? >> good morning, alex. according to the reports we heard, what happened at 8:00 local time, the russian plane was trying to land in this thick fog, and according to a russian official on the ground, he made a number of attempts to land. on the fourth attempt, as it was coming into the runway, it hit some trees and that's when it broke into a bunch of little pieces. you can still see some of that heavy fog in these aftermath pictures. as you said, there are conflicting reports of the number of people on board who were killed. we've been hearing two numbers, either 96 or 132, but all the reports we've been hearing from polish and russian sources were saying everybody on board
of russia are to sit down and pen this argument for the arms in the world. joining us is the author of "the coming collapse of china" gordon chang. good morning to you. >> good morning. >> we know this treaty first signed in 1991, that expired in december and this is a brand new treaty that they're signing today. what is the most significant thing about what they're signing aside from the fact that they're going to reduce the sheer number by about a third? >> it's parody, of course. i think the most significant thing is china is not in the room. >> they're not. >> the chinese and the russians say they're strategic allies and partners and often cooperate to undermine us. we've accepted parody with the russians and china has not accepted any on theirs. china can tip the balance against us. they got no rules. >> we got the rules, they got nothing. >> and the chinese twice this decade, a chinese general has publicly threatened to incinerate los angeles. i don't know how we can think of arms control without the chinese at the table. >> are these numbers correct? my research shows russia has 21
afghanistan. maybe because america is less affected by these problems and russia and europe are suffering more. this is the drugs that go to our countries. and we should achieve a greater progress on that. we have similar approaches on the meast settlement. we need to create necessary conditions to -- for the creation of an independent palestinian state. so far, we are facing a lot of difficulties. until then, we cannot expect a durable and sustainable peace in the middle east. so far, the united states is taking vigorous efforts to recover the constructive process , including through proximity talks. we totally support this idea and this year, i have met with almost all of the middle east leaders. i supported indirect faux. we hosted the meeting in moscow and i hope eventually it will lead to direct negotiations. any stop in the development always brings about lagging behind. that is why our country started modernizing its economy and started the technological innovation introduction. so far, frankly, speaking, we haven't done that much. and frankly speaking, here, we would like to count on t
>> rose: welcome to the broadcast. on a day that president obama and president medvedev of russia signed a historic nuclear arms control agreement in prague, we talk to the russian ambassador to the united nations, vitaly churkin about the nature and the future of u.s.-russian relations. >> rose: is it a resetting of the relationship? >> well, it's continuing resetting of the relationship. but what happened today very important on many levels, of course. it's very important for overall strategic stability. it's very important as a step in continuing to cut back nuclear weapons. it's very important for overall relations between our two countries and now we are very well-positioned to continue dealing with the problem on nuclear proliferation. >> rose: and on this important day for the president three eminent historians and bayographers of presidents, doris kearns goodwin, jon meacham and douglas brinkley assess president obama. >> unlike social security and medicare there was questions about it but nothing like the rumbles that we're seeing now. and we were talking about before abo
. >> how could the u.s. administration assist russia at all in the anti-terrorism fight? obama said we stand ready to help. how could he do that? would russia even be open to that? >> can i jump in? it is a very good question because the way i see the conflict in russia is between non-state terrorism which is some of these suicide bombers and state terrorism, and otherwise russian policy in the caucuseus. a wider swath of populations that you can with no media present do with them what you wish. some of the death. russian human rights activists have reported some of the atrocities by russian servicemen and security forces in the region. it is not surprising that this is a starring a hornet's nest. -- staring a hornet's nest. the black widows, women whose kinfolk or brothers or sons or husbands have been killed by russian forces. how we can help them is maybe to the example of guantanamo, legal process, and so on and so forth. to show that anti-terrorism does not mean the destruction of human rights. i do not know directly that russia would necessarily want us to help. what i do fear is
drum beat the last few weeks with this deal with russia signing the treaty, the nuclear posture review. what's your sense on them, whether they have any momentum coming to the summit? and what do you want to see them accomplish the next couple of days? >> well, i think they've got momentum on dealing with the rather technical issue of making sure that medical nuclear materials are well handled and that when they are no longer useful, that they're returned properly to where they can be reprocessed or disposed of. as to the bigger issue of stopping the iranian nuclear program or dealing with the north korean program, i think we're doomed to failure as long as we maintain the policies of the bush and obama administration. that policy is that we beg but we never bargain. we have never told any country that if they'll help us deal with these nuclear problems we'll see it there way on any other issue, or that, for example, china's access to u.s. markets would be impeded in any way if they continue to support iran and north korean nuclear program which they're really supporting, although thei
in this country are gathering to remember the victims of the crash in russia. millions of poles have immigrated to the u.s. establishing large communities. russian investigators suspect pilot error. richard roth reports. >> reporter: the president's body returned to poland with military honors met by a solemn ceremony and a daughter's grief. 29-year-old marta, whose mother was also killed in the crash, rested her forehead on her father's coffin. and then her uncle did the same. the twin brother who was his partner in politics. at the site of the crash in western russia, authorities were still recovering remains of the 96 people who died. in addition to poland's president, they included more than a dozen members of parliament, senior military commanders, the nation's central banker. the delegation had an appointment at a nearby memorial to honor poles massacred by soviet troops at the start of world war ii. some speculate the president may have been too determined to keep it. the two black boxes have been recovered from the wreckage. if russian air controllers did order the pilot to divert to an
of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." russia holdpoland and official days of national mourning for the victims of saturday's air crash. thailand and the aftermath of the worst violence in nearly 20 years. the cameraman who took this footage was among the people killed. the top criminal judge in moscow the shot that we -- weeks afterç. welcome to bbc world news. broadcasting on pbs in america and across the globe. coming up, safeguarding the stockpiles. leaders from over 40 countries gather at president obama's nuclear summit. a celebrity love match -- india and pakistan sporting stars that tied the knot in spite of a few last-minute hitches. >> the body of the polish president's wyck has now been identified following saturday's plane crash in russia in which she, her husband's lech kaczynski, and dozens of senior polish military and civilian officials were killed. it had been hoped her body could be repatriated tuesday. some of the 96 victims are still trapped under wreckage at the site of the crash. the president's body will lie in state as the country a
adopted son back to russia. she put the 7-year-old on a plane by himself with a note that said she didn't want him anymore. she says he was violent and psychotic. the big question this morning, did she commit a crime or was this just bad judgment? >>> we want to tell you about some of the stories making headlines this morning. poland's president, the first lady and a number of other dignitaries are dead after their plane crash this morning in russia. headed to a memorial for the 78th anniversary of a world war ii massacre pap source of great tension between the two countries. >> it's purely shocking for everybody from poland. this week, past week harks been quite a week of reconciliation between russia and poland over this, and i think this was completely -- it's going to just be completely shocking. >> officials say it appears the plane clipped trees while trying to land in heavy fog. a little background on the polish president. lech wielinski, born june 18, 1949, has an identical twin brother. the twins in the public eye from an early age. were first child actors before getting into p
's willingness to stand with them. and at the same time, perhaps designed to reset relations with russia as the president indicated. we got nothing for it from russia. so i'm afraid the steps that he took have confused our friends. made our foes, if you will, continue headlong. in some cases in a course that's not helpful to the world. you have both iran pursuing its nuclear folly headlong. north korea, of course, did nuclear tests. even as the president was speaking carried out various tests. this is in my opinion an indication that they felt the president was not going to be a strong defender of american values and american principles. human rights, democracy, free trade, free enterprise, those words of apology and those statements i think have emboldened those who find us as a weakened enemy. >> host: in the book you make the argument that it's important to keep america strong and keep america as a leading presence in terms of world affairs. and in specific in dealing with iran, for example, and their rising nuclear ambitions, you say it's important to say right now to iran, before an
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